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主目錄 價值建立與應用
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金錢與我 維護社會核心價值
廉潔選舉
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Module 1 Formation and Application of Values

Module Outline

Topics
    Formation and Application of Values (Core Module 8)
    Foundation Part PSD08 (Developing Values)
    Extended Part PSD08-X (Making Responsible Decisions)
Learning Points
    1. Meaning and importance of values
    2. Factors affecting the formation of values
    3. Skills which help clarify personal values
    4. Making responsible decision
Intended Learning Outcomes
    After completing the module, students should be able to :
    1. reflect on personal values and apply skills which help clarify one’s values;
    2. understand factors affecting the formation of personal values; and
    3. understand principles to be considered in handling ethical challenges and making responsible decisions.
Time Allocation
    2 lessons (approximately 80 minutes)
 

Lesson Plan

Learning Stage Learning and Teaching Suggestions Teaching Resources Duration

Warm-up activities

Teacher may choose Activity (i) or (ii):
(i)   Values Auction

  • Assuming each student has $1,000 to bid on any items he or she likes
  • Show students the items to be sold at auction, such as happiness, wisdom, world peace, high social status, good health, etc. Students should make their bids, which begin at $50 for each item, by raising their hands. The items will be sold to the highest bidder. 

Teacher may discuss with students the following questions:
1. What item(s) did you bid during the auction? Were you successful in bidding for them?
2. Did your classmates also bid for those items?

Debriefing:
The item(s) that a student bid for represents the value(s) that worth most to him/her. Every person has his/her own value set.

(ii)  Same ‘Values’ for You and Me?

  • Ask students to write down five values they consider the most important (may refer to the examples in Annex 1)
  • Students are divided into groups of five to discuss and select five important values commonly agreed by all members of the groups
  • Write on the blackboard the five important values selected by each group
  • Identify the important values commonly agreed by the whole class

Teacher may discuss with students the following questions:
1. Were the values that you selected the same or different when compared with those of your classmates?
2. How did you determine what values are the most important to you?

Debriefing:
Values signify what is important and worthwhile. They would affect our choices in everyday living and serve as the basis for ethical reflection.

Values Auction Item List
(Annex 1)
PDF MS Word

15 minutes

Development

(i)   The Formation of Values

  • Show the findings of a survey on youth values
  • Students are divided into groups to discuss the factors affecting the formation of values among the young people in Hong Kong
Debriefing:
The formation of our values would be affected by factors such as our family, school, society, culture and media. One should have an understanding of the determining effects of values on decision-making in order to handle ethical challenges effectively.

 

Survey on
Youth Values
(Annex 2)
PDF MS Word

15 minutes

 

(ii)  Making Ethical Decisions

  • Students are divided into groups to perform short scenes about making ethical decisions
  • Ask students to perform the competing voices of the main character, for example, justice versus mercy.
  • After the performance, ask the students who have played the main character to make decisions.

Decision-
Making Scenarios
(Annex 3)
PDF MS Word

Decision-
Making Worksheet (Annex 4)
PDF MS Word

20 minutes

 

(iii) Factors to be Considered in Making Ethical Decisions

  • Students are divided into groups to discuss the factors considered by the main character in their respective scenes when making decisions in face of ethical challenges, including:

    1. consequences of their actions
    2. impacts on other people
    3. whether or not the positive values are compromised

  • Group presentations are conducted in turn

Decision-
Making Worksheet Suggested Answers
(Annex 5)
PDF MS Word

25 minutes

Conclusion

  • Responsibilities and consequences should be considered when making decisions. The impacts on other people should also be taken into account. One should also uphold the positive values such as honesty and fairness in handling ethical challenging situations.
Reflection Worksheet (Annex 6)
PDF MS Word
5 minutes
 
  • Consolidate and apply what have been learnt through completion of the reflection worksheet after class.

 

 

 

Download Files

Lesson Plan
Teaching PowerPoint